Are you planning for adventurous Everest Base Camp trekking in Nepal? Do you want to know important things to keep in mind before hiking the Everest Base Camp Trek?
Mt. Everest (8848m/29029 ft) is called the world’s highest mountain which is located at Solukhumbu district of North-Eastern Nepal. Everest Base Camp Trek is most popular destination for trekking in Nepal. Hence, climbing Everest gives you thrilling adventure and lifetime experience.
You can travel in the group or solo but Joining the group helps you to keep cost down and provides you company on the trail. It is recommended to choose an experienced trekking company to guide your trek. Moreover, it is common to hire a porter to carry your bag on the EBC trek to make your load less and hike more enjoyable.
Here are some important things you need to know before hiking the Everest Base Camp Trek to prepare yourself for the greatest adventure of your life:
1. EVEREST BASE CAMP TREK PERMITS
Khumbu Pasang Lhamu Rural Municipality Entrance Permit :
Trekker’s Information Management System (TIMS) Card is no longer valid for Everest Base Camp Trekking. Khumbu Pasang Lhamu Rural Municipality Entrance Permit is a new permit which was imposed in 1st October 2018. Permit can be obtained for NPR 2000 Per Person from Local government of Khumbu directly.
Moreover, it cannot be obtained in Kathmandu. Therefore, if you are flying through Lukla you can obtain permit in Lukla or from Monjo if you are trekking from Jiri.
Sagarmatha National Park Entry Permit :
This permit is required for entering Sagarmatha National Park which can be obtain either in Kathmandu at Nepal Tourism Board Office or in Monjo at Park Entrance Gate for NPR 3000 Per Person.
Additional Permit for Jiri route :
If you prefer Jiri route to Everest Base Camp Trek then additional permit is required for Gaurishankar Conservation Area which can be obtained in Kathmandu at Nepal Tourism Board for NPR 3000 Per Person.
Required documents for trekking permits :
Your passport details and photographs are required for Khumbu Pasang Lhamu Rural Municipality and Sagarmatha National Park Entry Permit and also need to fill up a short form. Fee payment is accepted in local currency only.
2. EVEREST BASE CAMP WEATHER
Everest Base Camp weather plays major role in your trekking experience. So, it’s important to get the full information about the weather beforehand because weather on the trail to Everest Base Camp usually changes and is unpredictable.
Therefore, best season for Everest Base Camp trek is Spring (February to May) and Autumn (September to November). Since, most of the trekkers don’t recommend Everest Base Camp trek during rainy and winter season.
3. EVEREST BASE CAMP TREK ITINERARY
If you want to do the Everest Base Camp Trek Itinerary in right way then you should do it in 12 days.
1st Day: Flight from Kathmandu to Lukla and trek to Phakding – 4 hours
2nd Day: Trek to Namche Bazaar (3440m) – 6 hours
3rd Day: Acclimatization in Namche Bazaar – 5 hours
4th Day: Trek to Tyengboche – 5 hours
5th Day: Trek to Dingboche – 4 hours
6th Day: Trek to Chhukung Valley and back to Dingboche – 5 hours
7th Day: Trek Dingboche to Lobuche – 5 hours
8th Day: Trek to Gorakshep and Everest Base Camp(5,364m) – 7 hrs
9th Day: Trek to Kala Patthar(5,545m) and back to Pheriche – 7 hrs
10th Day: Trek from Pheriche to Namche Bazaar (3,440m) – 6 hours
11th Day: Trek to Lukla – 8 hours
12th Day: Fly to Kathmandu from Lukla
Above all, trekkers should arrange a couple of additional days more than itinerary because flight might get delayed due to the weather at any time.
4. HIGH ALTITUDE SICKNESS
High Altitude sickness is major problem for many people in Everest Base Camp trekking due to low levels of oxygen at high altitude. Therefore, altitude sickness is major issue people faces on the EBC trek. For which you have to take extra precaution as you climb higher and higher in altitude.
The symptoms of high altitude sickness are like headache, weakness, loss of appetite, sleepiness, vomiting, increasing pulse rate, dizziness, etc.
To get over the altitude sickness you need proper acclimatization, proper medication, attention to sanitation, drink lots of water, eat the nutritious and right amount of food and walk slowly, don’t rush.
Most importantly, it is advisable to consult a physician to determine whether you can survive the harsh weather or not.
5. NEPALI RUPEES
Withdraw plenty of Nepali rupees from Kathmandu because there are no ATMs on the EBC trek. Hence, it is recommended for you to carry extra cash during the trek. So, it can be use for personal shopping, hiring porter, food, staying at lodges, tipping etc. As you climb higher everything becomes more expensive.
6. TREKKING KIT
Your Trekking kit list depends upon the season of your travel to Everest Base Camp trek so it is suggested to consult your trekking company before shopping. Thamel market in Kathmandu is the best place to buy trekking kits. Similarly, you can also buy them in Namche and Lukla but the price will be higher.
The basic gears include hiking boots, waterproof boots, raincover, hiking socks, windproof jackets, sunglasses, inner gloves, neck gaiter, sports underwear, back pack, day pack, gaiters, sleeping bag, headlight, trekking poles etc.
7. OTHER NECESSARY ITEMS
The major packing depends upon the season you are going to Everest Base Camp trek. These are the basic items you should have during the Everest Base Camp trekking:
Portable charger, Sunglasses, Sunscreen, Candy/Snacks, Comfy shoes, good quality Sleeping Bag, Rain covers, Gloves, Hat, Water purifying tablets, a well-documented map, Good quality trekking boots, warm jacket, Long sleeve t-shirts, Trekking pants, Shorts, Sandals, Towel, Tight sealed and heatproof water bottle, battery pack, reusable water bottle, SPF lip balm, biodegradable hand wash, books or playing cards and first aid.
8. PREPARE YOURSELF PHYSICALLY AS WELL AS MENTALLY
Train yourself for Everest Base Camp trek because this trek requires you to be physically fit and to possess excellent strength. Therefore, train yourself for some weeks before trekking in Nepal by hiking to higher altitudes, running or cycling etc.
Moreover, prepare yourself mentally for spending days in the mountains and to keep positive mindset to overcome most challenges of Everest Base Camp Trek. During your EBC trek you might miss your comfort but don’t give up. For instance, meditation or yoga can help you to manage negative thoughts and prepare you mentally.
9. EVEREST BASE CAMP TREK ACCOMODATION
Everest Base Camp trekking is most popular destination for trekking in Nepal. Therefore, adequate number of hotels and lodges are available along the EBC trek. You can choose your level of accommodation on your budget as there is a range of options. These hotels and lodges serve locally produced vegetables and food. Hence, they are healthy and hygienic to eat.
You can also find a lot of small tea houses along the Everest Base Camp trek which arranges your food and accommodation locally.
Most importantly, during peak trekking season it is hard to find better deals on accommodation so remember to book your accommodation in advance.
10. SAGARMATHA NATIONAL PARK
Sagarmatha National Park is the world heritage site where poaching is strictly prohibited. Several rare species of flora and fauna such as snow leopard, musk deer, Himalayan black bear and red panda are found in this area. Therefore, visitors are always kept under the eyes of community police. In case of any illegal activity the culprit is sentenced to long-term imprisonment.
Finally, you have complete guide for Everest base camp trek. Follow them and make your trekking more organised and enjoyable.